We concerned about exact same-sex superstars for feel having past research (years

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We concerned about exact same-sex superstars for feel having past research (years

Our very own data had around three major seeks: (1) to look at adolescents’ selections of mass media rates and you may famous people for parasocial appeal, (2) to explore brand new incidence and construal off PSR within the an adolescent sample, and you can (3) to find out whether gender distinctions emerged when you look at the adolescent parasocial process. In terms of adolescents’ choices of mass media rates and you may celebs, i hypothesized you to highly salient famous people, eg actors and you may performers, will be seem to mentioned, that have down rates out of affirmation to own non-graphic a-listers otherwise lifeless news rates. We as well as expected communications between type of celebrity picked and also the attributes teens associated with them, for the reason that extremely obvious superstars will be for the looks, while professional athletes and you can non-artisans would be liked for their strengths. For PSR, i expected puberty who involved with PSR so you’re able to declaration a lot more hierarchical than egalitarian dating, however, toward extent one type appeared, we questioned hierarchical PSR is in the appreciate regarding a great celebrity’s ability and you may egalitarian PSR as in the looks. I together with expected PSR is in the highest engagement, power, and you may financing for the parasocial facts. In ince Latinas kadД±n terms of gender differences, i expected greater affirmation regarding players certainly one of boys and you will actresses certainly girls, large costs out-of involvement, strength, and you can PSR during the girls than simply boys, and also for boys in order to comprehend the celebs because of their talents significantly more tend to than simply girls. Lastly, we requested girls are far more personal about their parasocial factors than just boys.

Participants

The initial sample was 107 girls (Mage = , SD = 0.35) and 61 boys (Mage = , SD = 0.42) in ninth grade at a public high school in a US Northeastern suburb. However, seven girls (6.5%) and eight boys (13.1%) did not identify a celebrity of whom they were particularly fond, so the final sample included 100 girls (Mage = , SD = 0.35) and 53 boys (Mage = , SD = 0.38). This ratio reflects the gender ratios in much of the research on PSI (Cohen, 1999, 2003, 2004; Cole and Leets, 1999; Maltby et al., 2006; Derrick et al., 2008, 2009). Adolescents were 73% Caucasian, 12% Asian, 8% Biracial, 2% Latino, 2% African-American, and 1% Native-American (2% chose “Other” or did not respond), and approximately 75% had at least one parent who had graduated college. Participation (72.3%) was solicited through a letter and consent form sent to parents through the school. Participants received a $5 gift certificate for ice cream, and the school received a donation. This study was carried out with the approval of and in accordance with the recommendations of the Wellesley College Ethics Review Board with written informed consent from parents and assent from all participants in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

Methods

A survey handled aspects of (PSI/PSR) also identification out of a-listers chosen getting parasocial appeal plus the variety and you may type for the quasi-matchmaking imagined with this famous people. I investigated if star vocation or relationship dreamed had been linked to the features teens admired inside their selected stars, along with psychological and you can behavioural signs out of PSI/PSR, such as for example participants’ amount of engagement from inside the parasocial situations, the fresh new mental concentration of the experience, its hard work to find out about their chosen famous people, and you will whether or not they common their attention on these media rates that have family and friends. Players had been first requested to determine an exact same-sex star from which these people were such as for instance fond (“Really teenage girls/boys keeps popular superstar otherwise a popular profile out-of Television, movie, otherwise pop music society: and therefore Feminine/Male Star are you currently such as for instance fond of?”). g., Derrick mais aussi al., 2008).

Superstar Variety of

Mass media data titled was in fact classified on four celebrity types: step 1 = stars, 2 = professional athletes, step three = singers, cuatro = general stars (e.grams., chat tell you servers Oprah), and you can 5 = editors. A-listers that suit to the multiple groups (age.g., Oprah is also an actress) have been coded with respect to the group which they certainly were most readily useful identified. Several independent coders obtained all responses; precision is actually higher (kappa = 0.92). Conflicts was in fact solved by dialogue.